Reasons We Should Have Botanic Conservation Gardens
Today about a third of world plant species face a threat of extinction due to devastating human activities that are contributing to the loss of plant diversity at a distressing rate contributing to the reduced ecosystem. Humans are the primary contributors to the destruction of the ecosystem because of engaging in vicious activities without being honest with their environmental concerns, some of these destructive activities include but not limited to include urbanization, poor forestry practices, over-harvesting, land-use changes, global environmental changes and use of exotic species. Plant plays an integral role in humans, they are the source of oxygen, food, medicine and home to millions of animal species, therefore, we need to develop reliable methods of conserving them particularly the endangered plant species . One of the ideal ways to conserve and protect plant species is through plant botanic gardens, these gardens play a vital role in the protection of endangered plant species, for scientific research as well as for human needs. Botanic gardens are playing a significant role in changing the world in a variety of ways, to learn more about them continue reading this article.
The primary importance of plant botanical gardens is to protect, conserve and diversify plant species particularly the endangered plant species, today there are an estimated 2500 plant botanical gardens worldwide with over 6 million accessions of living plants, this is a significant number of species and it is said to represent about a quarter of the world vascular plant species, this is important because it helps in conserving the endangered plant species and diversification of global plant biodiversity which counters plant lose contributed by human activities and climate changes.
Plant botanical gardens are at the heart of many branches of scientific research, this is because they provide a variety of species from which scientists can get valuable information by collecting data that can help them understand things such as phonological indications due to climate change, plant-animal interactions, plant physiology of variety of species many more data that can help them devise improved species or new farming tactics. Because of the variety of species plant botanic conservation have it make them a good location for many researchers to study plant functional characteristics such as trade-offs between species traits and plant performance.
The other important function of botanical gardens is to protect, maintain and support endangered plant species, this normally happens in ex situ conservation which means taking conservation of biological diversity from their natural habitat, furthermore, plant botanic conservation contribute to a great understanding of threatened plant species. Those are some main roles of botanic garden conservation but also important roles of these botanic gardens include spreading awareness to the public about threatened plant species and the need to protect the earth’s plant cover.